Factsheets for Brown Seaweeds (phylum Phaeophyta)

Genus: Ecklonia Trade name: ecklonia Symbol: EC
AuthorityHornemann Type species: Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
Commercial species:  cava (CAV), maxima (MAX), stolonifera (STO)
Common names: Bamboo seaweed, Kajime, Kelp, Paddle weed, Sea bamboo
Classification: Eukaryota, Phylum Heterokontophyta, Order Laminariales, Family Alariaceae. 
AlgaeBase names and species:  20 names - 9 current as of 12-2001.
Comprehensive lists of common names , generic & specific names can be found at AlgaeBase. >>Click here<<  for SuriaLink's policy on names.
SuriaLink SeaPlant Utility Rating
Alginate source - source of fucoidan - wild harvest.
Careful management of harvest required to prevent habitat damage.
Description
Ecklonia species usually possess a massive holdfast that extends into a long, hollow, gas-filled stipe up to 15 m in length. The stipe ends in a gas-filled bladder that extends into a flat, solid primary frond from which secondary fronds emerge. These secondary fronds can quite reach 3 m in length. Because of its hollow stipe and bladder this genus is generally floats at the sea surface.
Habitat
Generally attaches to rocky substrate in subtidal regions along exposed seacoast.

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Ecklonia production
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Tons per annum
wild harvest
Tons per annum
cultivated
Japan n/a 0
North Korea n/a 0
South Africa 350 0
South Korea n/a 0
Total 

350

350 0
Production
Approximate annual production figures from recent years are as above.
Biology & Agronomy
Wild harvest.
Chemistry
A source of alginates and fucoidan; an anticoagulant.
Processing
We have several monographs in progress covering analytical procedures post-harvest treatment and process technology. Check the processing index for available web pages and monographs. 
Products, Uses & Applications
A source of alginates and fucoidan; an anticoagulant. Also can be used as an animal feed component.
List of species' uses and community affiliations
Genus GenID SpID Species Uses Communities
Ecklonia EC CAV cava FA, FI, FF, MD AI, BP, NP, WB
Ecklonia EC MAX maxima FA, FI, FF, MD AI, BP, NP, WB
Ecklonia EC STO stolonifera FA, FI, FF, MD AI, BP, NP, WB

click to relevant uses or communities on the index/legend table below>>>

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Ecklonia is most strongly associated with the Agri-Industry,  Biopolymer, NutriPharm and Wellbeing communities.
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