Factsheets for Brown Seaweeds (phylum Phaeophyta)

Genus: Turbinaria Trade names: turbinaria Symbol: TU
AuthorityJ.V. Lamouroux Type species: Turbinaria turbinata (Linnaeus) Kuntze
Commercial species:  conoides (CON), decurrens (DEU) & spp.
Common names: Agar-agar lesong
Classification: Eukaryota, Phylum Heterokontophyta, Order Fucales, Family Sargassaceae.
AlgaeBase names and species:  39 names - 21 current as of 12-2001.
Comprehensive lists of common names , generic & specific names can be found at AlgaeBase. >>Click here<<  for SuriaLink's policy on names.
SuriaLink SeaPlant Utility Rating
Minor alginate and agricultural products source - mainly by-catch with Sargassum - wild harvest.
Small dark brown plants usually less than 20 cm long. Tissues are differentiated into holdfast, stipes, fronds, fruiting bodies. Usually has a hard texture. Tend to form hard, fleshy, roughly conical masses of tissue at the apices of fronds.
Attaches to coral, rocks and shells in shallow tropical reef flats in moderately exposed and sheltered areas. Often near Sargassum beds or mixed with genera such as Sargassum and Padina.

Turbinaria production
click country to go to GIS
Tons per annum
wild harvest
Tons per annum
India 307 0
Philippines n/a 0
Vietnam n/a 0


307 0
Approximate annual production figures from recent years are as above. Turbinaria is often mixed a a minor component with harvested Sargassum.
Biology & Agronomy
Wild harvest.  Often a by-catch of Sargassum harvests.
Contain alginates.
We have several monographs in progress covering analytical procedures post-harvest treatment and process technology. Check the processing index for available web pages and monographs.
Products, Uses & Applications
Usually processed as a small percentage of mixes with Sargassum.
List of species' uses and community affiliations
Genus GenID SpID Species Uses Communities
Turbinaria TU CON conoides FA, FI, FF, IA, PA AI, BP
Turbinaria TU DEU decurrens FA, FI, FF, IA, PA AI, BP
Turbinaria TU ORN ornata FA, FI, FF, IA, PA AI, BP
Turbinaria TU SPP spp. FA, FI, FF, IA, PA AI, BP

click to relevant uses or communities on the index/legend table below>>>

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Turbinaria is most strongly associated with the Agri-Industry,  and Biopolymer communities.
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