Factsheets for Red Seaweeds (phylum Rhodophyta)

Genus: Gracilaria Trade name: gracilaria Symbol: GR
Authority: Greville Type species: Gracilaria bursa-pastoris (S.G. Gmelin) P.C. Silva
Commercial species: asisatica (ASI), bursa-pastoris (BUR), caudata (CAU), changii (CHN), chilensis (CHL), cornea (COE), coronopifera (COO), crassissima (CRM), domingensis (DOM), edulis (EDL), eucheumoides (EUC), firma (FIR), fisheri (FIS), folifera (FOL), gracilis (GRA), heteroclada (HET), howei (HOW), lemaneiformis (LEM), longa (LON), pacifica (PAC), parvispora (PAR), salicornia (SAL), tenuistipitata (TET), verrucosa (VEU) & spp.
Common names: Agar-agar Caocaoyan, Agar agar (Agal agal) kecil, Ceylon moss Chinese moss Fen tsai, Gulaman, Gulaman dagat
Classification: Eukaryota, Phylum Rhodophyta, Class Rhodophyceae, Subclass Florideophycidae, Order Gracilariales, Family Gracilariaceae.
AlgaeBase names and species:  235 names - 142 current as of 12-2001.
Comprehensive lists of common names , generic & specific names can be found at AlgaeBase. >>Click here<<  for SuriaLink's policy on names.
SuriaLink SeaPlant Utility Rating
Major source of food-grade agar - wild harvest and cultivated.
Care must be taken to avoid over harvesting of natural stocks and to avoid environmentally damaging methods of cultivation.
Description
In preparation.
Habitat
In preparation.

Gracilaria production
click country to go to GIS
Tons per annum
wild harvest
Tons per annum
cultivated
Argentina 2,276 n/a
Burma n/a n/a
Brazil n/a n/a
Canada n/a n/a
Chile 34,218 34,218
China n/a 300
Egypt n/a n/a
France n/a n/a
Indonesia n/a 13,447
India 215 n/a
Italy n/a n/a
Japan n/a 900
North Korea n/a n/a
Mexico 205 n/a
Malaysia n/a n/a
Namibia n/a 835
Peru n/a 194
Portugal n/a n/a
Philippines n/a n/a
South Africa 439 n/a
South Korea n/a n/a
Thailand n/a 200
USA 2 n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a
Total 

87,449

37,355 50,094
Production
Approximate annual production figures from recent years are as above.
Biology & Agronomy
In preparation.
Chemistry
In preparation.
Processing
We have several monographs in progress covering analytical procedures post-harvest treatment and process technology. Check the processing index for available web pages and monographs. 
Products, Uses & Applications
List of species' uses and community affiliations
Genus GenID SpID Species Uses Communities
Gracilaria GR ASI asisatica FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR BUR bursa-pastoris FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR CAU caudata FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR CHN changii FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR CHL chilensis FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR COE cornea FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR COO coronopifera FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR CRM crassissima FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR DOM domingensis FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR EDL edulis FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR EUC eucheumoides FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR FIR firma FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR FIS fisheri FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR FOL folifera FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR GRA gracilis FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR GRA gracilis FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR HET heteroclada FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR HOW howei FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR LEM lemaneiformis FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR LON longa FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR PAC pacifica FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR PAR parvispora FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR SAL salicornia FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR SPP spp. FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR TET tenuistipitata var. liui FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB
Gracilaria GR VEU verrucosa FH, FI, IA, MD, PA, PC, WB BP, FM, SV, WB

click to relevant uses or communities on the index/legend table below>>>

    to uses                                                    to communities  
Gracilaria is most strongly associated with the Biopolymer,  Seaweed,   Seavegetables and Wellbeing communities.
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